Nepal is also a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative.
The military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia and is notable for its Gurkha history, particularly during the world wars, and has been a significant contributor to United Nations peacekeeping operations.
Nepal's foreign relations expanded after the Anglo-Nepal Treaty of 1923, which was recognised by the League of Nations.
After a Soviet veto in 1949, Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955.
The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders.
Neither does it border Bhutan due to the Indian state of Sikkim being located in between.